Paper 1: The Greeks
Period Study: Greeks and non-Greeks
This is an outline study of the wars of the Fifth Century BC: the Persian Wars, with battles like Thermopylae and Marathon; the Peloponnesian Wars, with battles like Mantinea and Arginousai. This will involve building knowledge of the Athenians and the Spartans; also, of the Persian Empire; the construction of ancient navies, with triremes and other ships; hoplite warfare and the armour and weaponry of the period.
Depth Study: Athens
This unit looks at the Athenian social and political systems: citizenship and slavery; the workings of the democracy; the economy of an ancient city; the buildings and religious life, including the theatres. This unit also touches on philosophy, looking at the development of ideas and education which took place in Athens through the period.
Paper 2: The Romans
Period Study: The Julio-Claudian Emperors:
This is an outline study of the early stages of the Roman Empire: Tiberius and his long-term absence from Rome, leaving government to others; Caligula, and whether he was mad, evil or the victim of hostile propaganda; Claudius, who invaded Britain and was later murdered by his wife; Nero, who persecuted Christians, scapegoated for the burning of Rome. Great figures like Messalina and Agrippina also played their part in this most colourful period of Roman History.
Depth Study: The Late Roman Republic
This is the period of Julius Caesar, Pompey, Cleopatra and other brutal militarists. This unit tracks the fall of civilian government and how armies took over the decision-making. Roman society is looked at: institutions like patronage and slavery, and how unprecedented success brought with it the seeds of destruction.
Good GCSE English and/or History results, at Level 6 or above, are recommended.
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